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Home Treasures


Bulgarian Treasures

The Bulgarian lands are ancient crossroads. They were populated from remote antiquity and remember many ancient civilizations. The state of Bulgaria has 1300 years of history and according to the statistics it is ranked third (after Greece and Italy) for the number of its archaeological monuments. The earliest inhabitants of the present Bulgarian lands were the Thracians. The most famous Thracians were Spartacus and Orpheus. Spartacus was born on the territory of present-day town of Sandanski (south-western Bulgaria) and as an adolescent was sold into slavery to ancient Rome. Later he became the legendary gladiator that led the biggest slave uprising in the

Antiquity
Orpheus is known for his incredible talent as a musician and singer. He was born near the present village of Guella in the Rhodopi Mountain short before the Trojan war. The legend tells that he was the greatest singer of all time and even the wild animals stopped to listen to his music. Also he took part in the quest of the Argonauts together with Jason and Heracles. Rich museum collections will help you feel the lifestyle of different civilizations from our 7000 years of history.
Varna golden treasure (6000 years BC)
The discovery of the Varna Chalcolithic Necropolis revealed proofs of the oldest European civilization and the world's oldest gold. In significance the sensational discovery rivals Heinrich Schliemann's discovery of Troy. In the investigated 280 graves have been discovered 3010 golden objects of a total weight of amore than 6 kg and 23.5 carat purity. The quantity and diversity is unparalleled so far, and the workmanship is amazing. Some of the buried persons had golden and copper offerings - solid golden bracelets, appliques, a golden scepter - symbol of the ruler' power.
Vulchitrun golden treasure (1300 years BC)
It is the most remarkable example of the art of the Later Bronze Age in Thracia. It was discovered in 1925 in the vicinity of the village of Vulchitrun. It consist of 13 rituals vessels of solid gold and weights a total of 12.45 kg. Most probaly the vessels are used for religious rituals.
Panagyurishte golden treasure (400 years BC)
A 23-carat gold (weight of 6.16 kg) royal set of 9 exquisitely shaped vessels- rhytons, amphora's and a phiales, all depicting mythological scenes. This is the biggest gold treasure find in Bulgarian lands. Possessed by a Thracian king, probably Sewth III.
Rogozen royal silver treasure (500 years BC)
The biggest and richest treasure found till now (total weight of 20 kg). It attracts attention with its vessels - gracious jugs and phiales, silver with gilt, with Greek and Thracian exquisitely shaped subjects. This treasure was rightly called the find of the century, because it is a huge collection of 165 beautifully worked silver vessels. Thirty one of them are gilded. These exquisite silver vessels had belonged to a rich family of rulers of the tribe of the Tribally. This treasure is unique of its kind in Bulgaria up to the present, as archaeologists took part in its discovery and its value to science therefore becomes all the greater.
Borovo treasure (400 years BC)
Dated from the first half of the 4th century BC, it came to light at Borovo. It consists of luxurious 5-vessel drinking set. The treasure bears an inscription in Greek letters with the name of the Thracian king Kotys I who reigned the Odryssaean Kingdom from 383 to 359 BC and that of the Etbeos.
Vratsa golden treasure(400 years BC)
Magnificent gold and silver funerary gifts, found in the center of Vratsa in three Thracian tombs. The treasure consists of a number of masterpieces - a golden wreath, earrings and graves intended to serve the deceased in the next life.
Golden mask of the Thracian ruler (400 years BC )
The golden mask of Ter (Teres) was found in the summer on 2005 near the village Krun. The weight is 670 gr. It proves that it's not just the ancient Egyptians or Greeks that were great peoples. The Thracians were a magnificent civilization too. This is as significant as digging up the mask of Tutankhamen or Agamemnon.
Preslavian golden treasure (10th century)
The most significant treasure of The Golden Age of Bulgarian history - the Preslavian golden treasure, is a brilliant illustration of the life in the castles of Great Preslav ( the second Bulgarian capital). It consist more than 170 golden, silver and bronze ladias jewels, decorated with cellular enamel, precious stones and pearls The jewels were made in Constantinople and Great Preslav. The treasure also includes artifacts dating far back to the period between the 3rd and 7th centuries.
Perperikon
For more than a century already, archaeologists have searched for the remains of the famous temple where Dionys had an oracle. It is believed that, when made, the discovery will be as important as that of Troy and Mycenae. Very little is known about the temple today and the only thing which is know for sure is that it was in the Holy Rhodope mountains.
Perperikon is in the Eastern Rhodope range, some 16 km from the town of Kurdzhali. It is perched on a rocky peak at 1,4 km above sea level guarded at its foot by the village of Gorna Krepost. The gold-bearing river Perpereshka flows nearby forming a valley some 44 km long and 15 miles wide.
The name of Perperikon is joined with the name of Dionys. There is an old legend for his appearance: “Once upon a time, when Gods walked the Earth, Zeus fell in love with fair Semele and begot Dionys. In his love, he granted Semele a wish that killed her but he saved their unborn son from the womb and Dionysus grew up the fairest and merriest of Gods. With his retinue of goatish satyrs and playful maenads, he roamed the Earth and taught the mortals to grow grapes and turn their juice into wine that eased the heart and stirred the mind.”




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